Woolmer Forest Heritage Society

Bordon and Whitehill Archaeology of the Mesolithic Middle Stone Age from 8000 BC to 4000 BC around the end of the last glacial period on the Woolmer Forest


The "Mesolithic" also known as "The Middle Stone Age"

( 8000 - 4000 BC )

As the glaciers melted, the climate warmed rapidly and the vegetation changed from open Arctic tundra to forest cover. Into this new environment along with moden Man came many of the animals we know today such as red deer, roe deer and wild pig as well as some that have become extinct in Britain such as wild cattle, bears, wolves and so on. Following these herds came the hunter-gatherers of the Middle Stone Age, many of whose camp sites have been found locally. These sites, which must have been used year after year, can be located by the large numbers of flint tools and waste flakes such as those found at Oakhanger.

 

(Selection of Mesolithic stone tools)
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The changed habitat is reflected in a change in tool types used by these hunters. No longer needing large handaxes, a typical Middle Stone Age toolkit consisted of smaller flint flakes used as barbs on arrows, for saw teeth, for piercing skins, as well as scrapers, burins and a type of axe known as a tranchet. These types of tools are amongst the commonest finds from the heathlands in the Whitehill/Bordon area.

 

(Artist Impresion of a Tool Maker)


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